Welcome!

The traditional Dominicans of Avrille (France), faithful to the Declaration of Archbishop Lefebvre of November 21, 1974, opened this Website to strengthen your faith, fortify your spiritual life, and to give information on the crisis in the Church and on events in Tradition. May this Website contribute to Our Lord’s glory and to the salvation of souls. Please don’t hesitate to make it known!

NOTE: Dear friends, we are in great need of French to English translators for this website.  There are many good French articles which could benefit English readers, but we are very short of translators.   Can you or someone you know help us?   If so, please click here and contact us using the form at the bottom of that page.  Thank you!

The Fight for the Faith

Articles on the Conciliar Church, and organizations who compromise with it.

LATEST ARTICLES

Sep 14

Friends and Benefactors Letter number # 23, September 2016 – Strength and Gentleness of the Sacred Heart

Letter from the Dominicans of Avrillé No. 23: Sept. 2016 Strength and Gentleness of the ... Read More
Aug 24

Saint Thomas Aquinas in today’s combat for the faith

Saint Thomas Aquinas in today’s combat for the faith A Sermon given in the Dominican ... Read More
Aug 3

Ten aids to mental prayer

Ten aids to mental prayer By Dom Jean-Baptiste Chautard (1858-1935) Abbot of the French Cistercian ... Read More
Jul 13

A Major Event in Tradition

A Major Event in Tradition A text available on gloria.tv aptly analyses certain consequences of ... Read More
Jul 13

The Religion of Man

The Religion of Man Since the Council there has been a new Church By Bishop ... Read More
Jun 28

Friends and Benefactors Letter number 22, May 2016 – Consoling Our Lord

Letter from the Dominicans of Avrillé No. 22: May 2016 Chrismal Mass on Holy Thursday ... Read More
Jun 11

Answer to Fr Bouchacourt (SSPX)

Answer to Fr Bouchacourt (SSPX) On July 1, 2015, on the Porte Latine, website of ... Read More
Jun 3

Open Letter to the Faithful of Quebec and the Maritime Provinces by Fr Pierre ROY (SSPX)

Open Letter to the Faithful of Quebec and the Maritime Provinces by Fr Pierre ROY(SSPX) ... Read More
May 26

APPEAL TO THE FAITHFUL (co-signed by [then] Father Thomas Aquinas with 40 priests and religious in 2014)

**APPEAL TO THE FAITHFUL**   (co-signed by [then] Father Thomas Aquinas with 40 priests and religious ... Read More
May 23

Presentation of Bishop Dom Thomas Aquinas O.S.B. (Part 2)

Presentation of Bishop Dom Thomas Aquinas O.S.B.  (Part 2) ( For part 1, click here ... Read More
Apr 21

Presentation of Bishop Dom Thomas Aquinas O.S.B. (Part 1)

Presentation of Bishop Dom Thomas Aquinas O.S.B.  (Part 1) Miguel Ferreira da Costa (the future ... Read More
Apr 7

62 Reasons to reject the new mass (“Novus Ordo Missae”)

62 Reasons to Reject the new mass (“Novus Ordo Missae”)  NOTES OF THE EDITOR : ... Read More
Mar 26

A simple method to pray the Rosary without distractions (continued): the Glorious Mysteries

The Resurrection by Fra Angelico A simple method to pray the Rosary without distractions ... Read More
Mar 15

An Interview with Fr. Thomas Aquinas, OSB

An Interview with Fr. Thomas Aquinas, OSB Translated from the original Portuguese by Michael Fuller ... Read More
Feb 23

The False Mercy of Pope Francis

The False Mercy of Pope Francis by Alexandre Marie Last April, by the bull of ... Read More
Feb 5

A simple method to pray the Rosary without distractions (continued): the Sorrowful Mysteries

A simple method to pray the Rosary without distractions (continued): the Sorrowful Mysteries The ... Read More
Jan 19

A simple method to pray the Rosary without distractions

The Annunciation (Fra Angelico) A simple method to pray the Rosary without distractions   ... Read More
Jan 5

Gifts of the Magi

Gifts of the Magi A meditation for the Feast of Epiphany With Saint Thomas Aquinas ... Read More
Jan 1

Friends and Benefactors Letter number 21, January 2016 – The Importance of Principles, Part II

Letter from the Dominicans of Avrillé No. 21, January 2016 Group photo with H. E. ... Read More
Dec 31

What should we make of the book The Poem of the Man God by Maria Valtorta?

What should we make of the book The Poem of the Man God by Maria ... Read More
Dec 23

MEDITATION FOR CHRISTMAS TIME (with Saint Thomas Aquinas)

MEDITATION FOR CHRISTMAS TIME with Saint Thomas Aquinas The Circumstances of Christ's Birth 1. Christ ... Read More
Dec 13

Should we participate in the Jubilee of Mercy?

Should we participate in the Jubilee of Mercy ?   A.   It would appear that ... Read More
Dec 8

Satan’s master stroke (Part 2 of 2)

Satan’s master stroke (Part 2 of 2) (Editorial of Le Sel de la terre 94, ... Read More
Dec 3

Satan’s “master stroke” (Part 1 of 2)

Satan’s “master stroke”  (Part 1 of 2) (Editorial of Le Sel de la terre ... Read More
Dec 3

Latinitas mmxvi, summer 2016 - Keep your Latin alive!

They want to kill it ? Keep your Latin alive ! Latinitas mmxvi Living Latin ... Read More
Nov 26

A Program for Sanctity

A programme for sanctity by Fr Vayssière O.P. (1864-1940) Union with God 1. By union ... Read More
Nov 17

On the Deposition of the Pope (Part 2 of 2)

ON THE DEPOSITION OF THE POPE  - continued  (Part 2 of 2) Text of John ... Read More
Nov 8

On the Deposition of the Pope (Part 1 of 2)

ON THE DEPOSITION OF THE POPE Text of John of St. Thomas O.P. Translated from ... Read More
Nov 2

From Liberal Protestantism to the True Church of Christ

Andrew de Bavier (1890 – 1948)   From Liberal Protestantism to the True Church of ... Read More
Oct 25

Charity for the poor souls

Charity for the poor souls by Fr Garrigou-Lagrange O.P. (extracts) 1. What is the foundation ... Read More
Oct 21

"THOSE WHO SERVE GOD SHOULD NOT FOLLOW THE FASHIONS" (PART 2 of 2)

"THOSE WHO SERVE GOD SHOULD NOT FOLLOW THE FASHIONS" – PART 2 of 2 (Our ... Read More
Oct 12

"THOSE WHO SERVE GOD SHOULD NOT FOLLOW THE FASHIONS" (on Modesty - PART 1 of 2)

"THOSE WHO SERVE GOD SHOULD NOT FOLLOW THE FASHIONS" (PART 1 of 2) (Our Lady ... Read More
Oct 12

November Lists of the Dead

November Lists of the Dead Several of you have asked if we accept “November Lists ... Read More
Oct 5

The Rosary – a School of Contemplation

The Rosary a School of Contemplation by Fr Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange O.P. (extracts) After Holy Mass, ... Read More
Sep 30

Sons of the Church (part II)

Sons of the Church  (part II) in a time of crisis By the Reverend Fr. ... Read More
Sep 21

Sons of the Church (Part I)

Sons of the Church in a time of crisis By the Reverend Fr. Roger-Thomas Calmel, ... Read More
Sep 16

Little Catechism on Sedevacantism – PART 2

Little Catechism on Sedevacantism – PART 2 (continued) By Dominicus Le Sel de la Terre ... Read More
Sep 10

Little Catechism on Sedevacantism - PART I

Little Catechism on Sedevacantism  -  PART I By Dominicus Le Sel de la Terre No ... Read More
Sep 4

Friends and Benefactors Letter #20, September 2015

Letter from the Dominicans of Avrillé No. 20: September 2015 Corpus Christi The Importance of ... Read More
Jan 1

The Third Order of Penance

Convent life, Third Order, our schools, the Rosary Confraternity, and more. Read More
Aug 25

Discussion on the steps of the church concerning Ecclesia Dei Masses

Discussion on the steps of the church concerning Ecclesia Dei Masses. [ Editor’s note:   For ... Read More
Aug 14

Signup form for the Rosary Confraternity

Enrolling in the Rosary Confraternity To enroll in the Dominican Rosary Confraternity, please do all ... Read More
Aug 14

The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary a text of Fr Garrigou-Lagrange O.P. 1. What ... Read More
Jan 1

The Rosary Confraternity

Convent life, Third Order, our schools, the Rosary Confraternity, and more. Read More
Aug 13

Declaration of the Order of the Knights of Our Lady

The Order and the Society of St Pius X These past few years, the ... Read More
Aug 3

Saint Dominic, Knight of the Truth

Saint Dominic (1190-1215) Knight of the Truth Liturgical Feast : August 4 Saint Dominic’s chief ... Read More
Jul 26

Attendance at the New Mass

Attendance at the New Mass Is it permitted to take part in the New Mass? ... Read More
Jul 17

Francis, Martians and the Patience of God (NEW VERSION WITH PICTURES)

Francis, Martians and the Patience of God by Alexandre-Marie (Translation from the French) Pope Françis ... Read More
Jul 7

The Friary’s Position

The Friary’s position The position of the Friary has not changed since the foundation of ... Read More
Jun 27

An Easy Method of Mental Prayer

An Easy Method of Mental Prayer By Father Bertrand Wilberforce, O.P. I. What Mental Prayer ... Read More
Jun 20

How much can we trust Private Revelations?

How much can we trust Private Revelations ? Extract from a letter of Fr. JANDEL, ... Read More
Jun 10

The G.R.E.C.

The G.R.E.C. (Groupe de Réflexion Entre Catholiques or: Group for Reflection Among Catholics). A once ... Read More
Jun 1

FATIMA

FATIMA Or the means chosen by God to redress the present situation by a Dominican ... Read More
May 23

PENTECOST

PENTECOST A meditation of Fr Mortier O.P. There is an admirable harmony in the work ... Read More
May 16

Upcoming Dominican retreats in the United States

Dominican retreats in the United States on the 15 Mysteries of the Rosary Preached by ... Read More
May 13

The Ascension

The Ascension A meditation with Saint Thomas Aquinas O.P. Christ’s Ascension is the cause of ... Read More
May 11

Is there a conciliar church?

Is there a conciliar church? A study by Bishop Tissier de Mallerais Presentation of the ... Read More
May 8

Statement of position issued by Father Brendan King

Statement of position issued by Father Brendan King Taken from:   http://www.therecusant.com/fr-king-may2015 This Statement was read ... Read More
Apr 24

A Treatise on Prayer

A treatise on prayer by Fr. Wilberforce O.P. – I – Prayer in general The ... Read More
Apr 20

Friends & Benefactors Letter #20, April 2015

Letter from the Dominicans of Avrille No. 19, May 2015 Dominican Life:   A Mixed Life ... Read More
Apr 5

The Risen Jesus

“It's very simple:  have your head cut off, rise from the dead the third day, ... Read More
Apr 4

A Meditation on Easter

A Meditation for Easter with Saint Thomas Aquinas Fra Angelico's "Resurrection of Christ and Women ... Read More
Apr 2

Catholic Candle: Response to the SSPX Denunciation of Bishop Faure’s Consecration

Response to the SSPX Denunciation of Bishop Faure’s Consecration We recommend this short and clear ... Read More
Apr 2

Interview with Bishop Jean-Michel FAURE - March 25, 2015

Interview with Bishop Jean-Michel FAURE March 25, 2015 Your Excellency, there are some who are ... Read More
Apr 2

Menzingen’s avowal

Menzingen’s avowal by Dom Thomas Aquinas OSB March 22, 2015 The March 19th communiqué from ... Read More
Apr 2

Sweetness and Bitterness in Menzingen

Sweetness and Bitterness in Menzingen By Amicus Romanus ;  Translation provided by Michael Fuller From ... Read More
Mar 27

The sermon of Bishop Williamson for the Episcopal Consecration of Fr. Faure

The sermon of Bishop Williamson for the Episcopal Consecration of Fr. Faure Translated by Michael ... Read More
Mar 26

An interview with Bishop Williamson immediately after the ceremony of the consecration of Bishop Faure

An interview with Bishop Williamson immediately after the ceremony of the consecration of Bishop Faure ... Read More
Mar 24

Brief response of Fr. Thomas Aquinas OSB on the communication from Menzingen of March 19, 2015

Brief response of Fr. Thomas Aquinas OSB on the communication from Menzingen (SSPX) of March ... Read More
Mar 22

Interview with Fr. Jean-Michel Faure (*before* the consecration)

Interview with Fr. Jean-Michel Faure before his consecration... How about a little history to begin, ... Read More
Mar 20

Passiontide

Meditation for Passiontide ...according to saint Thomas Aquinas Our Lord said, when His Passion was ... Read More
Mar 19

URGENT MESSAGE: Episcopal Consecration today of Fr. Faure, by Bishop Williamson

Why a Consecration in 2015? by Dom Thomas Aquinas OSB, superior of the Monastery of ... Read More
Mar 18

Ecclesia Dei

Why such a doctrinal evolution of the Ecclesia Dei Communities ? This text was written several ... Read More
Mar 5

The Religion of Charity

The True Religion is recognized by its fruits: The Religion of Charity   Without Jesus ... Read More
Feb 19

Society of Saint Pius X: visits of prelates (new addition)

Society of Saint Pius X: visits of prelates (new version) On September 23, 2014, the Vatican ... Read More
Feb 19

Lent

Lent By Fr. Mortier, O.P. Beginning with Ash Wednesday, we are once again in a ... Read More
Jan 29

Septuagesima

Septuagesima by Fr. Mortier, O.P. So far we have followed Our Lord from the manger ... Read More
Jan 28

Issue #18 (Jan 2015), Friends & Benefactors Letter

Issue #18 (Jan 2015), Friends & Benefactors Letter   Before the Cathedral of Angers at ... Read More
Jan 21

Converted to Catholicism by studying the "Counter-Church"

Converted to Catholicism by studying the Counter-Church To confront world-wide subversion [with its "Communist International", ... Read More
Jan 21

Indult Masses - What did Archbishop Lefebvre think of them?

A Letter from Archbishop Lefebvre, regarding Indult Masses Let us put this document in context:  ... Read More
Jan 12

News of Occupied Rome

News of occupied Rome In the traditional world the suspicion seems to be circulating:  You ... Read More
Jan 2

Photos of our convent

Photos of our convent Click on any photo for an enlargment, and to be able ... Read More
Jan 2

Declaration of Catholic Fidelity

Declaration of Catholic Fidelity Introduction This “Declaration of catholic fidelity”, written by a lay person ... Read More
Jan 2

Response to an article on the SSPX-USA web site

Response to an article on the SSPX-USA website An article called “A New Dominican Community” ... Read More
Jan 2

Archbishop Lefebvre and the sedevacantists

Archbishop Lefebvre and the sedevacantists (a little known document) Concerning the position of Archbishop Lefebvre ... Read More
Dec 26

About the Third Order of Penance

The Dominican Third Order I heard that you have a Third Order. What is a ... Read More
Jan 1

Our Convent and Apostolates

Convent life, Third Order, our schools, the Rosary Confraternity, and more. Read More
Dec 25

A Meditation on Christmas

December 25:  The goodness and usefulness of Christ's birth (a meditation of saint Thomas ... Read More
Jan 1

Other Articles

Besides our regular publications, we also occasionally publish other articles on various subjects. Read More
Jan 1

The Fight for the Faith

Articles on the Conciliar Church, and organizations who compromise with it. Read More
Sep 28

Issue #17 (Sep 2014), Friends & Benefactors Letter

Issue #17 (Sep 2014), Friends & Benefactors Letter   Funeral Mass for our tertiary Brother ... Read More
Apr 12

The Voyage of Pope Francis to Turkey

Pope Francis visits Turkey During his recent trip to Turkey, in the blue Mosque of ... Read More
Jan 9

Dominican Life

The Dominican Life Procession of the Blessed Sacrament « It is well known that our Order, ... Read More
Jan 2

The Position of our Convent

The position of our Convent The following articles (which are chosen from our regular posted ... Read More
Dec 26

What is the Rosary Confraternity?

About the Rosary Confraternity Are you already convinced to enroll in the Rosary Confraternity?   Jump ... Read More
  1. God is speaking to St. Catherine of Sienna in The Dialogue, Treatise on Prayer, ch. 26.
  2. It was suppressed by Pope John the XXIII.
  3. Encyclical Letter Studiorum Ducem, June 29, 1923, on the occasion of the 6th century canonization of Saint Thomas Aquinas.
  4. L. H. Petitot O.P. Saint Thomas Aquinas, Editions Revue des Jeunes, 1923, p. 52.
  5. This concerns the Blesseds John-the Teuton (1241-1252), Humbert-de-Romans (1254-1263) and Jean de Verceil (1264-1283).
  6. Archbishop Lefebvre, The spirit of our statutes, Retreat preached to the seminarians in Écône, September 1988, fourth conference.
  7. Joseph Ratzinger, My Life, Paris, Fayard, 1998, p.51.
  8. Pope Jean XXII, Allocution to the Consistory for the occasion of the canonization of Saint Thomas, 1328.
  9. Msgr. Lefebvre, Spiritual Journey following Thomas Aquinas in the Summa, Angelus Press, Preface.
  10. These courses were edited into a book, under the title: Against heresies (Angelus Press).
  11. Archbishop Lefebvre, The spirit of our statutes, Retreat preached to the seminarians in Écône, September 1988, fourth conference.
  12. Fr Garrigou-Lagrange O.P., The Three Ages of interior life, Volume II, Fourth Part, chapter IV.
  13. http://www.dici.org/en/documents/interview-with-bishop-bernard-fellay-for-the-national-catholic-register/
  14. http://www.ncregister.com/blog/edward-pentin/video-sspxs-bishop-fellay-speaks-exclusively-to-the-register
  15. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqRd7914Jb0
  16. http://www.la-croix.com/Religion/Pape/INTERVIEW-Pope-Francis-2016-05-17-1200760633
  17. Note of the Editor : on this time, Fr Bouchacourt (SSPX) was Superior of District of South America. He is now Superior of District of France.
  18. Note of the Editor : Gustav Corçao, traditional Brasilian Philosopher, died year 1978.
  19. All these assertions come from bishop Fellay.
  20. Note of the Editor: The text is at the end of this article, as well as a separate article on this website.
  21. Note of the Editor : look at the article about the GREC on this Website.
  22. All the quotations come from the Bulletin of the friends of the Monastery of Santa Cruz, (supplements).
  23. Bishop de Castro Mayer and his priests suggested that we should leave Santa Cruz and set up in the diocese of Campos.
  24. Father Thomas Aquinas set off for Brazil again before the conclusion or at any rate the publication of Dom Gérard’s agreement with Rome.
  25. These references correspond to the edition published at that time in Italian.
  26. Retreat preached in september 1986, fourth instruction. Father Emily cites, at the end of his work, a part of this testimony, as well as an extract of a letter of Archbishop Lefebvre which goes along the same lines.
  27. For example, The Great life of Jesus Christ, by Ludolphe le Chartreux or the commentaries of Bossuet.
  28. The lives of the Saints, except in the case of a bad biography, make us remain in the real rather than depart into the imaginary, as is the case of these "visions" . The lives of Saints have what is needed to nourish the imagination, the heart and the intelligence of all Christians, even the most simple. Even today, one can find good illustrated lives of the saints.
  29. Paul PARFAIT, “The Arsenal of Devotions: Notes to Add to the History of Superstitions”, 4 Ed., Paris. Georges Decaux, 1876, p. 90.
  30. Let us recall the context:  On November 11th, 1974, two Roman envoys visit the Ecône seminary, provoking the Archbishop’s famous declaration of November 21, 1974;  the 25th of January, 1975, Archbishop Lefebvre is summoned before a tribunal of three cardinals (Tabera, Wright and Garrone);  the 6th May Bishop Mamie retracts the canonical approbation granted by his predecessor, and the same day three cardinals second this decision with the consent of Paul VI;  on the 24th and 25th of May the pilgrimage takes place.
  31. “I fear the Greeks, even when they are bearing gifts”. These words were put in the mouth of Laocoön by Virgil in his Aeneid at the moment when the Trojans caught sight of the famous Horse…
  32. “The talks and meetings with Cardinal Ratzinger and his collaborators, even though they took place in an atmosphere of courtesy and charity, have convinced us that the time for a frank and efficacious collaboration has not yet arrived” (Letter of Archbishop Lefebvre to John Paul II, 2 June 1988).
  33. For the story in English, see: Joy in Suffering by Rose Hu, SSPX Korea, 2011, pages 83-84.
  34. Document of Bishop de Galarreta following the meeting in Albano of October 2011.  Available in French on laportelatine.org
  35. To cite some recent examples:

    1. The sermon of Father de la Rocque (SSPX) of 6 September 2015, in which he said he did not want to participate in the Holy Year, was removed within 24 hours from the La Porte Latine website (website of the SSPX French District).

    2. The book by François-Xavier Péron entitled Le Synode sur la famille.  La Révolution du pape François (The Synod on the Family – Pope Francis’ Revolution), has been forbidden from being sold in the priories of the Society of Saint Pius X in France, whereas the book relates facts and texts in an objective manner and in a measured tone, is prefaced by Father Antoine (Superior of the Capuchins of Morgon, France) and whereas several priests of the Society of Saint Pius X collaborated in it, as well as Father Joseph, Capuchin, formerly Father Régis de Cacqueray (one time Society of Saint Pius X District Superior of France, before entering the Capuchins at Morgon, France).

  36. The Editorial of Le Sel de la Terre 92 was devoted to “The Importance of the principles”.  The text was reproduced in an abridged form in our Letter to Friends and Benefactors n° 20 (September 2015 ; on this Website).  In it, the following is notably affirmed: “The principles, even those which are practical, remain unchangeable”.  “One cannot say this without further qualification. Otherwise there would be confusion”, we read in the Courrier de Rome (June 2015, p.7).  But the confusion comes, rather, from the fact that the author of the latter article uses the word “principle” to designate the Minor of the syllogism, which is the principle of the conclusion.   But to speak in this manner is to give another meaning to the word “principle”.   In order to designate this Minor, Saint Thomas Aquinas (in the article quoted above) uses more correctly the word “primum” (which can be translated as “premise”) rather than “principle” (“principium”), according to the better editions (the Leonine Edition – which can be found on the website www.corpusthomisticum.org/ - and the edition, in French, of Father Pègues from 1925.  Only the Major of the syllogism of prudence can be called “practical principle”.
  37. See the previous note.
  38. Fr Vayssière is here speaking to Dominican tertiaries, whose patron saint is saint Catherine of Siena.
  39. Father Garrigou-Lagrange, relying on Billuart, says in his treatise De Verbo Incarnato that a heretical pope, while not being a member of the Church, may exceptionally continue to be the head.  Indeed, it is impossible in the case of a physical head, it is possible (while being abnormal) for a secondary moral head (See text attached below).
  40. Dissertatio de romani pontificis auctoritate super propositionem 29 damnatam ab Alexandro VIII.
  41. Dissertatio de romani pontificis auctoritate ..., p. 665 in the Jules JACQUES edition, 1869.
  42. All these authors agree on the fact that an occult heretical pope continues to be head of the Church. Some, like Cajetan, think that a heretic occult continues to be a member of the Church, so there is no difficulty. Others, like Father Garrigou think that an occult heretic ceases to be a member of the Church. Hence the difficult to be solved. (Ed.)
  43. This book edited in France by DPF (Chiré-en-Montreuil) in 1975 has in fact not been marketed at the request, it seems, of the author. Some copies were circulated and the book is still considered a serious reference.
  44. Decretal of Boniface VIII (in 6th), 1. 1, T. 7, cap. 1 De Renunciatione. In the Code of Canon Law of 1917, the Canon 221 says: “If it happens that the Roman Pontiff resigns from his office, neither the acceptance of the Cardinals, nor any other acceptance is necessary for the validity this renunciation.”
  45. We did not find this passage in the 1st Letter of St. Clement to the Corinthians, the only one considered authentic today.
  46. We must add : as long as the Vicar of Jesus-Christ is faithful to the infallible teaching of his predecessors.
  47. Supplementum, q. 71, a. 1.
  48. Mother Mary of Providence
  49. Ibid.
  50. Ibid., p. 84
  51. Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, pp. 17-18. And My Life in Prayer Book (containing: Marylike Modesty Handbook of the Purity Crusade of Mary Immaculate), p. 259.
  52. Introduction to the Devout Life, p.191.
  53. Cited in Immodesty: Satan's Virtue, pp. 22-23.
  54. Cirrincione, Msgr. Joseph A., Ven. Jacinta Marto of Fatima, p. 58. Rockford, IL: TAN Books and Publishers, Inc. 1992.
  55. Cited in Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, p. 15.
  56. Allocution on St. Maria Goretti, Canonization 1947. Cited in "L-75," p. 'D'.
  57. Cited in My Life in Prayer Book (containing: Marylike Modesty Handbook of the Purity Crusade of Mary Immaculate), p. 240.
  58. "Truth and Meaning of Human Sexuality, No. 97," Dec. 8, 1995, Pontifical Council for the Family.
  59. Excerpt from a letter Pope Pius XII delegated Cardinal Ciriaci (Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Council) to issue. Reprinted in Immodesty: Satan's Virtue, p. 123, (Here dated as Aug. 15, 1954).
  60. Address of Pope Pius XII to Catholic young girls’ groups in Rome. Cited in Immodesty: Satan's Virtue, p. 23. See also note 11.
  61. Pope Pius XI: Rappresentanti in Terra, Dec. 31, 1929.
  62. Allocution of Pope Pius XII to the Sodality convention in Rome on July 17, 1954.
  63. My Life in Prayer Book (containing: Marylike Modesty Handbook of the Purity Crusade of Mary Immaculate), p. 267.
  64. Cited in Ibid., p. 269.
  65. Reprinted in Immodesty: Satan's Virtue, pp. 61-63.
  66. Pope Pius XI, Encyclical Casti Connubii, December 31, 1930.
  67. "The Sacredness of Tradition," Article by Alice Von Hildebrand, Homiletic & Pastoral Review, April 1995, pp. 26-31 & 46-7.
  68. "On the Privilege of Being a Woman," Lecture by Alice Von Hildebrand given at the NY Catholic Forum, January 14, 1997.
  69. This saying was often repeated by Pius XII. Found in: Martin, Louis, Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, p. 6. Catholic Treasures, Monrovia, CA.
  70. Address of Pope Pius XII to a group of Catholic Action girls on October 6, 1940. Ibid., p. 12.
  71. Horvat, Marian Therese, "The Egalitarian Revolution, Part 4: The Cultural Revolution," Echoes of True Catholicism, Oct.29-Nov.4, 2001, Vol. 12, No. 154. (www.Dailycatholic.org/issue/2001Oct/oct29txt.htm).
  72. In a letter ordered by Pope Pius XII and issued by the Sacred Congregation of the Council on Aug. 15, 1954, he directed the world’s bishops to "take action against the most serious plague of immodest fashions." He further implored "promote with all your power, everything which has to do with the protection of modesty" and "leave no stone unturned which can remedy the situation."
  73. Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, pp. 7 & 12.
  74. "L-115" (Pamphlet), The World Apostolate of Fatima, Washington, NJ.  (Out of Print).
  75. Address of Pope Pius XII, July 17, 1954. Cited in: Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, pp. 23-24.
  76. Manelli, Fr. Stefano M. (FFI), Jesus Our Eucharistic Love, p. 67. Valatie, NY: The Academy of the Immaculate, 1996.
  77. Gaudiose Dorothy M., Prophet of the People, pp. 191-2. Staten Island, NY: Alba House Publishers, 1988.
  78. Cited in Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, p. 20-21.
  79. From the Summa of St. Thomas Aquinas (IIa IIae, Q. 26, a. 5, see also Q. 169, a. 2).
  80. Address of Pope Pius XII to young girls of Catholic Action of Rome, members of the Crusade for Purity, on May 22, 1941.
  81. Shouppe, Fr. F. X., S.J., Hell, p. 81. Rockford IL: TAN Books & Publishers, 1989.
  82. From a folder issued in 1935 by the "League of Modesty" with the Imprimatur of George Cardinal Mundelien. Cited in Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, p. 16.
  83. Cited in Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, p. 12.
  84. Ibid., p. 16.
  85. Kunkel, Fr. Bernard A., Marylike Modesty Handbook of the Purity Crusade of Mary Immaculate. (This book contained in My Life in Prayer Book, Radio Rosary: Pittsburgh, PA.) pp. 248-9.
  86. Ibid., p. 230.
  87. "In Imitation of the Virgin" (Leaflet). Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate. New Bedford, MA.
  88. Cited in Immodest Dress: The Mind of the Church, p. 22.
  89. Chesterton, G. K., What's Wrong with the World, Part III, Chapter 5: The Coldness of Chloe.
  90. Address of Pope Pius XII to a Congress of the "Latin Union of High Fashion," Nov. 8, 1957. Cited in "L-75" (Booklet), p. 75. The World Apostolate of Fatima, Washington, NJ. (Out of Print).
  91. What's Wrong with the World, Part III, Chapter 10: The Higher Anarchy.
  92. Giuseppe Cardinal Siri, "Notification Concerning Men's Dress Worn by Women," Genoa, June 12, 1960. Reprinted in Immodesty: Satan's Virtue, by Rita Davidson, pp. 127-134. Little Flowers Family Press, McDonalds Corners, ON, Canada: Jan. 2003. (littleflowersfamilypress.com)
  93. In these times of disorder and confusion, the following teachings may be useful for those who are in the position to raise Catholic families: Pope Leo XIII reminded us in his Encyclical Arcanum (Feb. 10, 1880): "The husband is the chief of the family and the head of the wife. The woman…must be subject to her husband and obey him; not indeed, as a servant, but as a companion, so that her obedience shall be wanting in neither honor nor dignity.  Since the husband represents Christ, and since the wife represents the Church, let there always be, both in him who commands and in her who obeys, a heaven-born love guiding both in their respective duties" (See Eph. 5:22-33).  Later, in Casti Connubii (Dec. 31, 1930), Pope Pius XI proclaimed this order of the family as unchangeable and constituted by God: "…this subjection of wife to husband in its degree and manner may vary according to the different conditions of persons, place and time.… But the structure of the family and its fundamental law, established and confirmed by God, must always and everywhere be maintained intact."
  94. "What Could Bring On Same-Sex Attraction in Boys: Catholic Psychiatrists Look at Roots of U.S. Scandals," Zenit News Agency (Zenit.org). New York, June 27, 2002.
  95. Van Den Aardweg, Gerard J. M., The Battle for Normality: A Guide For (Self-) Therapy For Homosexuality, p. 78. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1997.
  96. Ibid., p. 137.
  97. Ibid., p. 147.
  98. Padre Pio's opposition to pants on women was verified by phone call to Our Lady of Grace Convent, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy (June 19, 2003).
  99. Address of Pope Pius XII to a Congress of the "Latin Union of High Fashion," Nov. 8, 1957. Cited in "L-75," p. 80.
  100. Ibid., p. 83.
  101. Ibid., p. 82.
  102. Ibid.
  103. The Pope here was obviously not speaking of the “artistic” nudes & semi-nudes often found in classical art.  Rather, we can be certain he was speaking of those feminine figures who are depicted clad in the typical modest and dignified forms of dress of Christian history.
  104. Ibid., p. 84.
  105. My Life in Prayer Book (containing: Marylike Modesty Handbook of the Purity Crusade of Mary Immaculate), p. 251.
  106. Address of Pope Pius XII to a Congress of the "Latin Union of High Fashion," Nov. 8, 1957. Cited in "L-75," p. 80.
  107. It means: understood firstly as a meditation and contemplation of the Mysteries of the life of Our Lord. (Note of the Editor.)
  108. That’s why it is the Rosary which keeps the faith of so many people all around the world today, especially in the poor countries, in spite of the crisis in the Church. That’s why, too, Our Lady insisted so much in Fatima on the DAILY recitation of the Rosary. (Note of the Editor.)
  109. His acts are therefore devoid of all authority, magisterial as well as canonical; as a result, it can be seen how it is not impossible that the acts of Paul VI are contrary to the Catholic Faith and incompatible with pontifical authority, and that to affirm it is not on any way denying the prerogatives of a pope, in particular his infallibility and his universal and immediate jurisdiction. – However, this proof says nothing about the person of Paul VI, because the intention that is denied him is not his personal intention (finis operantis, which remains out of the picture) but the objective intention that is usually imminent to his actions (finis operis). It therefore does not allow it to be affirmed that Paul VI is personally outside the Catholic Church for reason of a sin of heresy or schism (note from the defender of the “thesis”).
  110. Sedevacantist Argument of Fr. B.: 1.  The Universal Magisterium of the Roman Pontiff, alone or with the bishops united to him in the council, is infallible. 2.  Now, Paul VI, alone and in the council, exercised such a magisterium by all appearances; John Paul II, who carries on the work, also. 3.  By all appearances, their teaching is therefore infallible. 4.  Now, a contradiction exists between the content of that which they teach or prescribe for the Universal Church, and the doctrine defined before in an irreformable manner. 5.  Given that proposal #1 is of faith, the conclusion is forced: the teaching of Vatican II promulgated and applied by Paul VI and confirmed by John Paul II is not the teaching of the Church, and neither Paul VI nor John Paul II can be recognized as popes.
  111. This is a fictitious discussion, written in a conversational style.
  112. Cf. Fideliter, n° 70, p.13; n° 73, p.120; n° 76, p.11; n° 79, p.4-5; n° 222, p.92.
  113. “During these past few years, many among you had recourse to Archbishop Lefebvre as a suppletive authority. As a matter of fact, he was more of a Father, adviser, and friend than an authority in the legal meaning of this term. [...] It is in this same spirit of service that Bishop Fellay will take care of this office, not as a member of the Society of St Pius X, but as a Catholic Bishop. Each and every one of your communities is free to call on him, or not. Neither he, nor the Society, has any intention to get their hands on the other communities in any way.” (Rev. Fr. Franz Schmidberger, the then Superior General, to the traditional monasteries and convents in a circular letter dated 27th May 1991, i.e. only two months after the Archbishop’s death)
  114. Hence a dubbing on October 18th, 2014 at the National Shrine of Our Lady la Naval of Manila, erected in remembrance of the Filipino-Spanish “Lepanto” against Dutch Protestants in 1646. As a matter of fact, the dubbing of Br. Antonio Malaya Jr. had been refused at the SSPX church, where eight dubbings had taken place in 2010. He had however been the one who brought back to Catholic Tradition Bishop Lazo (later a Prelate of our Order), and obtained the public consecrations of over a score of Provinces and Administrations, and even of the Office of First Lady of the Philippines by the First Lady herself in that very church of Our Lady of Victories of Manila.
  115. “The partisans of error are to be sought not only among the Church’s open enemies, but, what is more dreaded and deplored, in Her very bosom, and are the more mischievous the less they keep in the open. [...] Nor indeed would he be wrong in regarding them as the most pernicious of all adversaries of the Church.” (Encyclical Pascendi Dominici Gregis, 1907)
  116. All these remarks are taken from the booklet published by the Dominicans of Avrillé : L’étrange pontificat du pape François , Éditions du Sel, 2014).
  117. The abbreviation stands for: Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Transsexuals.
  118. Abp. Lefebvre, Letter to Pope Jean Paul II, 2 June 1988.
  119. Some books recommended : The Love and Passion of (Our Lord Jesus Christ and the Way of Salvation by St. Alphonsus. Besides (Our Savior and His Love for us; Providence; and The Mother of the Savior and Our Interior Life by Garrigou-Lagrange. O.P. as well as Divme Intimacy by Fr. Gabriel of St. Mary of Magdalen. O.C.D. and Philothea or Introduction to the Devout Life by Saint Francis of Sales.
  120. This expression is that of Father de La Brosse O.P., Prior of the Couvent de l’Annonciation in Paris “who coined this apt formula to define our action” says Father Lelong (p.56).
  121. The principal church of the Society of Saint Pius X in Paris.
  122. Father LELONG, interview concerning the GREC on Radio Courtoisie, Thursday 19th April, 2012.
  123. Interview with Father Aulagnier (p.104).
  124. The misfortunes of the Franciscans of the Immaculate, forbidden from celebrating the Traditional Mass, against the very letter of this famous Motu Proprio, should moderate any enthusiasm which might exist. These events show clearly what “favours” granted by those people whom Archbishop Lefebvre used to call the “assassins of the Faith” (letter to the Father Prior of Avrillé, 7th January, 1991) are worth.
  125. Aequivatio est verbum quod significat duas res diversas, says Father Prummer O.P. (Manuale Theologiae Moralis, Friburgi Brisg., Herder, 1961, Volume 2, Number 171).
  126. equivatio est occultatio veritatis in necessitate vel ex rationabili causa (Father Prummer O.P., Manuale Theologiae Moralis, ibid., no. 172).
  127. Archbishop Lefebvre, Conference to priests at Écône during the retreat for priests, 1st September, 1987. Archbishop Lefebvre said this when commenting on the meeting which he had had on 14th July 1987…with Cardinal Ratzinger.
  128. Archbishop Lefebvre, Conference to seminarians at Flavigny, December, 1988.
  129. Interview with M. Philippe Pichot-Bravard (p. 144).
  130. Bishop Bernard Tissier de Mallerais, L’Étrange théologie de Benoît XVI, Éditions du Sel (for sale at DPF or Clovis Éditions), published under the title “La foi au péril de la raison” in Le Sel de la terre, 69.
  131. In January 2014, La Porte Latine, website of the Society of Saint Pius X’s French District, published two photographs of Bishop Rifan concelebrating with Cardinal Bergoglio on 28th May, 2011.
  132. The leaders of the GREC already thought that not everybody would follow.
  133. The word is printed with a small “t” in the book.
  134. Remember the agreement made by the Benedictine monastery of Le Barroux, France, with Rome in 1988. Dom Gérard (then superior of Le Barroux) had obtained “guarantees”, generously granted by Cardinal Ratzinger: “That no doctrinal or liturgical counterpart be demanded from us and that no silence be imposed on our anti-modernist preaching” (Présent, 18th August, 1988). We know what happened afterwards.
  135. A characteristic of the crisis currently shaking Tradition is to hear those who continue to hold the line of Archbishop Lefebvre and are opposed to a practical agreement without a doctrinal agreement with today’s Rome being called sedevacantist or men of a schismatic spirit, who have no Faith in the Church.
  136. Here we have simply condensed in a few short lines the excellent article of Adrien Loubier, “Les voies de la réduction”, published in the Bulletin de l’Occident chrétien in June, 1991. It deserves to be read in its entirety, pencil in hand. Also worth reading (by the same author) is the book Groupes réducteurs et noyaux dirigeants, prefaced by Marcel de Corte and published by Éditions Sainte-Jeanne d’Arc (les Guillots, 18260 Villegenon, France). Priests, laypeople and bishops must imperatively study the methods of the Revolution so as not to fall naively into its traps.
  137. This is what Madame Huguette Pérol affirmed in her interview with Radio Courtoisie (13th April, 2012).
  138. Father Lelong, Interview concerning the GREC on Radio Courtoisie.
  139. Intervention of Madame Huguette Pérol during the conference –debate of 26th April, 2007.
  140. Letter of Father de la Brosse O.P. to Cardinal Castrillon-Hoyos, 6th January, 2004.
  141. Romano Amerio, Iota Unum, Kansas City, Missouri, USA (1996)
  142. Romano Amerio, Iota Unum, Kansas City, Missouri, USA (1996)
  143. Benedict XVI, Address on the occasion of Christmas greetings to the Roman Curia, 21st December, 2012.
  144. Leo XIII, Encyclical Satis Cognitum, 29th June, 1896.
  145. The General Chapter here once more takes up the terms of Archbishop Lefebvre in his letter of 2nd June 1988 to Pope John Paul II.
  146. Archbishop Lefebvre, letter of 2nd June 1988 to Pope John Paul II.
  147. Archbishop Lefebvre, Declaration of 21st November, 1974.
  148. Letter of 20th October, 2008, quoted earlier.
  149. Father Le Flo’ch was the Rector of the French Seminary in Rome where Archbishop Lefebvre completed his priestly studies and where he was nourished with the teaching of the Popes, especially those teachings against the modern errors.
  150. Bishop Tissier de Mallerais, conference at the Priory of Gastines, France, 16th September, 2012.
  151. It is the Portuguese word for the plot of land where the Fatima apparitions took place.
  152. Interview of Sr. Lucy with Fr. Fuentès on Dec. 26, 1957, reproduced in the Messagero del Cuore di Maria, no. 8-9, Aug-Sept 1961.
  153. Interview of Sr. Lucy with Fr. Fuentès, (ibid.).
  154. With Pope Francis, we have descended even lower. On October 13, 2013, the Immaculate Heart of Mary was not even named in the consecration formula: the Pope consecrated « mankind » […] to « the Virgin of Fatima » (ORLF 42, Thursday, Oct. 17, 2013, p. 8-9).
  155. France, Saint-Parres-lès-Vaudes, CRC, published in English by : Immaculate Heart Publications, Box 1028, Buffalo, New York, USA 14205, and : 452 Kraft Road, Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada L2A 4M7 ; volume 1 : science and the facts (1989), volume 2 : the secret and the Church (1989), volume 3 : the third secret (1990). One cannot necessarily endorse all the pronouncements given in the works of the French Contre Réforme Catholique, but on the whole it is a most worthy collection of documents for historians.
  156. Fr. Calmel O.P., Le Cœur immaculé de Marie et la paix du monde », Itinéraires 38, Dec. 1959, p. 24.
  157. We must re-read the encyclical Divini Redemptoris of Pope Pius XI on the atheistic Communism, March 19, 1937.
  158. The words of Our Lord can be found in a letter of Sr. Lucy cited by Fr. Alonso and reproduced by Br. Michel of the Holy Trinity in The Whole Truth about Fatima, t. 2, p. 546.
  159. Fatima : notre espérance, Le Sel de la terre 53, summer 2005, p. 63. The article written by Dominicus, « Jean-Paul II a-t-il consacré la Russie ? » was published as a booklet by Editions du Sel under the title La Russie se convertira. The references to the Communist infiltration of the Church starting in the reign of Pope Pius XI may be found on page 13.
  160. See the publication Itinéraires 79, p. 55-57; see also L’affaire Pax en France, a supplement to Itinéraires 86.
  161. Itinéraires 88, p. 14-18.
  162. Dignitatis Humanae, Dec. 7, 1965.
  163. Declaration on the relations of the Church with non-Christian religions, Oct. 28, 1965.
  164. Unitatis Redintegratio, Nov. 21, 1964.
  165. Chapels, schools, etc., were founded by the heroic resistance of Abp Lefebvre towards the apostasy of the conciliar church. All this is endangered today by the policy of Bishop Fellay seeking an agreement with modernist Rome.
  166. Here it is a question of the occult powers which oppress us today. God will replace them with the Reign of Christ the King of all nations.
  167. This promise given by Our Lord is no doubt in keeping with the one given by Our Lady at Fatima on July 13, 1917: « In the end, my Immaculate Heart will triumph ».
  168. Jean Vaquie, La Bataille préliminaire, Paris, Action Familiale et Scolaire (31 rue Rennequin, 75017), p. 1-2. The entire booklet should be read. It is supplemented by Réflexions sur les ennemis et la manœuvre, by the same author, available from DPF (Diffusion de la Pensée Française).
  169. P. R-Th Calmel O.P., Brève apologie pour l’Église de toujours, Maule, Difralivre, 1987, p. 50.
  170. Remarks made by Sr. Lucy of Fatima and noted by Mr. John Haffert, one of the main founders of the Blue Army, collected in 1946 and published in his work Fatima, a Worldwide Apostolat, edited in France by Tequi in 1984, p. 17.
  171. Named Archbishop of Florence and created cardinal in 1977.
  172. See notably Le Sel de la Terre 1, p. 25-38 (Brother Peter-Mary O.P., "Ecclésiologie comparée"), p. 114-118; Le Sel de la Terre 34, p. 248; Le Sel de la Terre 45, p. 36-41; Le Sel de la Terre 59 (Winter 2006-2007), editorial: "One hierarchy for two Churches".
  173. The Second Vatican Council, Lumen Gentium, 1.
  174. The new code of 1983 limits supplied jurisdiction to that of the executive power.
  175. In Gaudium et spes (11,2) the second Vatican Council declares to have the primary intention to introduce and assimilate into Catholic doctrine liberal values; this work cannot benefit from the assistance of the Holy Ghost and it is contrary to the object of the magisterium which is to "keep reverently and expose faithfully" the deposit of the faith.
  176. Extenuate in the original sense “to reduce to the extreme limits”.
  177. Response of Archbishop Lefebvre to Cardinal Seper interrogating him about his letter denouncing the conciliar church.
  178. A note of July 12th 1976.
  179. Interrogation of Archbishop Lefebvre by Cardinal Seper, Prefect of the Congregation for the doctrine of the Faith, 11th January 1979, in Archbishop Lefebvre and the Holy Office, the review Itineraires, number 233, May 1979, p. 144-145.
  180. Saint Thomas Aquinas, II-II, q. 2, art 2
  181. Second Vatican Council, Gaudium et Spes, 12,1.
  182. In her visions of the last ages of the Church, she saw on one side the destroyers of the basilica of St. Peter, who took away the stones, and on the other side those who rebuilt. In the end the destroyers ceased their work of destruction, and the reconciliation came.
  183. P.J. Meinvielle, From the Cabal to progressivism( De la Cabala al progressismo), 2nd edition, Buenos Aires, 1994, p. 363-364.
  184. Saint Pius X, Encyclical Pascendi, 8th September 1907, in initio. See also; "No bishop is ignorant, we believe, that a certain pernicious race of men, the modernists, even after the encyclical Pascendi Dominici gregis ( 8th September 1907) had lifted the mask behind which they had hidden, have not abandoned their designs to trouble the peace of the Church. They have not ceased, in effect, to seek out new adepts, group them together into an association, and to inoculate with them, in the veins of Christian society, the poison of their opinions, by the publication of books and brochures of which they keep quiet or dissimulate the names of their authors." Motu propio Sacorum antistitum of the 1st of September 1910, Éditions de la Documentation Catholique, Paris t. 5, p. 141.
  185. Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, They have Uncrowned Him, 2nd edition, Escurolles, Fideliter, 1987, p. 148.
  186. By Counter church we mustn't understand the conciliar church itself, but the masonic sect and all the sects which have proceeded it in the same gnostic and anti-Christ spirit; and along with it the modernist sect, which is also gnosticism; a naturalist reinterpretation of the Catholic faith.
  187. The Popes saw clearly.
  188. The movement of Mark Sangnier in France at the beginning of the 20th century, to make the Church nothing more than a promoter of democracy, and which Pope Pius X condemned by his encyclical Our apostolic mandate.
  189. Spiritual conference, Econe, 21st of June 1978, see Sel de la Terre 50, p. 244.
  190. "That would be a ridiculous dream; and in whatever way the events turn out, if Cardinals or prelates, for example, of their own free will or surprise, should enter into a part of our secrets, this is not at all an incentive for desiring their elevation to the See of Peter. That elevation would ruin us. Ambition alone would have led them to apostasy, the requirements of power would force them to sacrifice us. What we must ask for, what we should look for and wait for, as the Jews wait for the Messiah, is a Pope according to our needs...." (Instruction of the Alta Vendita, 1819).
  191. Fr. Roger Thomas Calmel, O.P. "Authority and Sanctity in the Church", Itineraires 149 (January 1971), p 13-19; reproduced in the Sel de la Terre 40, p.77 and 85-87.
  192. e.g The dignity of the human person.
  193. The common priesthood of the baptised.
  194. The collegial institutions; Episcopal synod, Episcopal council, parish council...
  195. The new Mass, which no longer appears as the Sacrament of the Passion of Christ.
  196. Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, handwritten and photocopied, of July 29th 1976, to his friends; reproduced in the Sel de la Terre 36, p. 10.
  197. We should note the pretention of the new code to present the "real image" (sic) of the Church, which it had without a doubt not known or dissimulated until now as an "image", a model of the church which is besides "an essentially new thing"! Which is worse here, the incoherence or the audacity?
  198. John Paul II, Apostolic constitution Sacrae disciplinae leges, 25th January 1983.
  199. Fist dissolve what exists, then reunite the pieces under another head.
  200. See 1 Pet 2, 6-8.
  201. "And behold that an angel of the Lord appeared, and a light shone in the chamber; and the angel touching Peter at his side, woke him saying; Get up quickly (Surge velociter). And the chains fell from his hands." Acts 12,7.
  202. Fr. Roger Thomas Calmel O.P. Retreat of Holy Week 1974, preached to seminarians of Econe, 7th April, 1974, at 6 p.m. according to the notes of a retreatant.
  203. "I will put an enmity between you and the woman, between your race and hers. She will crush your head, and you will lie in wait for her heel" Gen 3, 15.
  204. Regarding the differences, Menzingen emphatically underlines “some hundreds of journalists from around the world” that were present in 1988.  Visibly, for Bishop Fellay this is very important.  We need to ask him about the journalists -in his opinion- were they present for the first episcopal consecration on the night of Holy Thursday.